Ketamine - References

Reeves JG, Glass PSA, Lubarsky DA: Nonbarbiturate intravenous anesthetics. In Anesthesia, Fifth Edition. Churchill Livingstone, 2000

Booker PD: Intravenous anesthetics. In Pediatric Anesthesia, Principles and Practice. McGraw-Hill, 2002

J Albanese J, Arnaud S, Rey M, Thomachot L, Alliez B et al. Ketamine Decreases Intracranial Pressure and Electroencephalographic Activity in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients during Propofol Sedation. Anesthesiology 87(6):1328-1334, 1997

Allen CG, Byford LJ, Shamji FM: Anterior mediastinal mass in a patient susceptible to malignant hyperthermia. Can J Anaesth 40:46, 1993

Castroman PJ, Ness TJ: Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist, inhibits the reflex responses to distension of the rat urinary bladder. Anesthesiology 96:1401-9, 2002

Corssen G, Domino EF: Dissociative anesthesia: further pharmacologic studies and first clinical experience with the phencyclidine derivative CI-581. Anesth Analg 45: 29-40, 1966

Dich-Nielsen JO, Svendsen LB, Berthelsen P:Intramuscular low-dose ketamine versus pethidine for postoperative pain treatment after thoracic surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 36:583, 1992

Friedberg, BL: Propofol-Ketamine Technique: Dissociative Anesthesia for Office Based Surgery (A 5-Year Review of 1264 Cases). Aesth Plast Surg 23:70-75, 1999

Friesen RH, Thieme RE, Honda AT and Morrison JE Jr. Changes in anterior fontanel pressure in preterm neonates receiving isoflurane, halothane, fentanyl, or ketamine. Anesth Analg 66:431-434, 1987

Griefenstein FE, DeVault M, Yoshitake J et al: A study of a l-aryl cyclo hexyl amine for anesthesia. Anesth Analg 37:283, 1958

Gutstein HB et al: Oral ketamine preanesthetic medication in children. Anesthesiology 76:28, 1992

Hatano S, Keane DM et al: Diazepam-ketamine anaesthesia for open heart surgery: a "micro-mini" drip administration technique. Can J Anaesth 23:648, 1976

Hofbauer R, Moser D, Hammerschmidt V, et al: Ketamine significantly reduces the migration of leukocytes through endothelial cell monolayers. Crit Care Med 26:1545-9, 1998

S. Himmelseher and M. E. Durieux. Revising a Dogma: Ketamine for Patients with Neurological Injury? Anesth Analg 101(2):524 - 534, 2005

Kapur N, Friedman R: Oral ketamine: a promising treatment for restless leg syndrome. Anesth Analg 94:1558-9, 2002

Kawasaki T, Ogata M, Kawasaki C, et al: Ketamine suppresses proinflammatory cytokine production in human whole blood in vitro. Anesth Analg 89:665-9, 1999

Kohrs R and Durieux ME. Ketamine: teaching an old drug new tricks.Anesth Analg 87:1186-1193, 1998

Lear E, Suntay R, Pallin IM et al: Cyclohexamine (CI-400): A new intravenous agent. Anesthesiology 20:330, 1959

Loch JM, Potter J, Bachmann KA: The influence of anesthetic agents on rat hepatic cytochrome P450 in vivo. Pharmacology 50:146, 1995

Malinovsky JM et al: Ketamine and norketamine plasma concentrations after i.v., nasal and rectal administration in children. Br J Anaesth 77:203, 1996

Raza SM, Masters RW, Zsigmond EK: Haemodynamic stability with midazolam-ketamine-sufentanil analgesia in cardiac surgical patients. Can J Anaesth 36:617, 1989

Sarma VJ: Use of ketamine in acute severe asthma. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 36:106, 1992

Van der Linden P, Gilbart E, Engelman E et al: Comparison of halothane, isoflurane, alfentanil, and ketamine in experimental septic shock. Anesth Analg 70:608, 1990

Weigand MA, Schmidt H, Zhao Q, et al: Ketamine modulates the stimulated adhesion molecule expression on human neutrophils in vitro. Anesth Analg 90:206-12, 2000

Friedberg, BL: Cosmetic Surgery Anesthesia.

Greg Gordon MD